Wahidullah Shahrani was born in 1973 in Kabul. He holds a postgraduate degree in finance and banking from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and a postgraduate degree in economics from Pakistan. While living in the UK, he taught economics at Waltham Forest College and Richmond Upon Thames College. Shahrani also worked in currency trading with Thomas Cook, U.K.
Immediately before the takeover of the office as Deputy Afghan Minister of Finance in January 2005 Shahrani served as first Deputy Governor of the Central Bank, Da Afghanistan Bank. In this position, he was primarily responsible for budget, procurement and fiscal matters.
Until December 2008, Shahrani was a consultant to the President of Afghanistan for Finance and the Deputy Minister of Finance (Ministry of Finance). In these functions he was responsible for a whole series of complex and high-ranking political affairs. Shahrani was a key interlocutor for the international financial institutions and bilateral donors. At the end of December 2008, Shahrani took over the post of Minister of Commerce of the Republic of Afghanistan. He mainly assumed responsibility for the areas of trade, industry, investment, export promotion and the entire development of the private sector.
In 2010, Shahrani took over the post of Minister of Mines and Petroleum. At the time of his appointment, the Mining Ministry was considered as extremely corrupt. Shahrani therefore adopted a whole series of amendments, including an increase in the number of computers in the Ministry and the online publication of all mining contracts. Whereas previously the mining ministry saw a role for itself in the actual work of mining, Shahrani has envisioned the ministry more as a regulator.
Shahrani is regarded as a “reformer” by the Western authorities. He has a British passport and speaks English and Dari.